by Brian Tomasik
First written: 8 May 2016; last update: 12 Aug. 2017
This piece describes the steps I took to back up the contents of my WordPress sites on paper.
A powerful geomagnetic storm is reasonably likely to occur within this century, and it could destroy data stored on magnetic media, like hard drives. One form of backup against this possibility is to store data on long-lasting optical discs. This is probably mostly foolproof, but it's still vulnerable to format rot of software or hardware to read the optical format (although presumably archivists of the future will have solutions to these problems; after all, people still play decades-old video games using emulation). Digital storage might have other unknown-unknown risks as well.
Backing up on paper is fairly robust because you can see the data in a non-cryptic format, so unless the paper is lost/destroyed or the ink fades, this backup option seems unlikely to fail.
Of course, paper backups are more of a pain to use for recovery than are backups already in electronic format, but presumably paper backups could be scanned and read back into electronic text using OCR.
Gathering the website's text
Method 1: Download website and extract relevant HTML
My preferred way to back up a website is as follows. First, download the website using a program like HTTrack and SiteSucker. Second, run extract_valuable_HTML_from_WordPress_site_download.py (or a similar program of your own) on the website-download folder. For example, if the downloaded website is in a folder
mywebsite/, then put the Python program in the same folder as that folder and run
python extract_valuable_HTML_from_WordPress_site_download.py mywebsite
This will create a single output file
mywebsite_extracted.html containing all the interesting HTML contents from your website without most of the extra boilerplate stuff that WordPress adds to each HTML file. You can open this
.html file in a browser to examine the contents.
extract_valuable_HTML_from_WordPress_site_download.py works for the websites that I care about, but its simple heuristics for identifying the start and end of the "interesting" HTML contents may not work automatically in your case. If so, play around with the program for your situation. In the worst case, you could just collect all the HTML text, including boilerplate, into a file for printing, though this will increase the number of pages you have to print out.
Once you're satisfied with the precision and recall of this extraction process, copy and paste the output
.html file's contents into a word processor and convert to PDF. This PDF will be what you print out. You might make the text size relatively small as long as this doesn't reduce the probability that the printed text will become unreadable sooner.
Method 1 is nice for two reasons:
- It works on any website, not just one you own.
- All the information extracted is from the public web, so you don't have to worry about accidentally printing out sensitive information.
Method 2: Download your WordPress database
If you have direct access to your site's WordPress database, you can get the relevant text for printing out from there. I'll describe the steps for doing this below, but I should point out a big warning. According to some answers on Quora, as well as a friend of mine, a complete WordPress database (a big
.sql file dump) contains some potentially sensitive information. Therefore, I assume that you should extract from the
.sql file only the text of your pages/posts and not the other database tables. I don't know enough about WordPress to say whether this is sufficient to remove all sensitive information, so use this approach at your own risk.
Following are the steps you can use to extract the published versions of the pages on your websites for printing.
First, go to phpMyAdmin. For me, that's accessible through HostGator's Control Panel page:
Then click on the circled red items in the next few screenshots:
Then I edit the SQL query as shown below to get only published posts. The reason for this is that if you don't filter down to only published posts, you'll get several copies of each post. In my case, I was getting 3-5 or more copies of each post, which would have translated to an extra 1000+ pages to print out.
Once you get the results of the query, select all of the posts. To do this, I first showed a number of rows bigger than the total number of posts:
Then I went to the bottom of the page and clicked "Check All":
Then I clicked "Go" on the next screen:
This started a download of a
.sql text file containing the contents of my posts. I did spot checks to verify that snippets from various pieces on my site were indeed contained in this file exactly once. Then the file was ready to be printed.
Formatting text for printing
I copied and pasted the file text into Microsoft Word, set the margins ("Page Layout" -> "Margins") to 0.5 inches on all sides, and set the text size to 8. Of course, you can choose different settings if you want.
If you have some articles on your website in PDF/Word/etc. formats, make sure to include them in the set of files to print as well, since they won't be included in the database dump described above.
I wrote a Python script that merges all the PDFs in a website download into a specified number of combined PDF files: find_and_merge_PDFs_in_directory.py . For example, if the downloaded website is in a folder
mywebsite/, and if you want the PDFs merged into 5 big output files, then put the Python program in the same folder as the website folder and run
python find_and_merge_PDFs_in_directory.py mywebsite 5
If you want all the PDFs merged into one big output file, replace
5 in the above command with
1. I allow the option of splitting into several output files in case a single combined PDF file would be too big. See the comment at the top of the script file for further instructions.
A combined PDF file sometimes seems to have different length/width dimensions for different PDFs, and some PDFs may be rotated 90°, but I found that these irregularities are tolerated without a problem by Office Depot's printing service (described in the next section).
For some reason, you might find that a few PDF files can't be processed properly by my Python script. If that's the case, you'll see "ERROR" messages printed out, saying that you need to separately add the PDFs that don't merge properly to the list of PDFs you upload to Office Depot for printing. In my tests, I encountered two PDF files that couldn't merge, but I was still able to upload them to Office Depot for printing without problems. (Apparently Office Depot handles PDFs more robustly than my program does.)
Finding a printing service
I do paper printouts using Office Depot. To do this, I go to http://www.officedepot.com/ , log in, go to "Print & Copy", click "Document Printing Services", and click "Manuals". From here you can upload your files. There's a limit on how many files you can upload simultaneously, so you might need to merge PDFs before uploading them if you have lots of them to print out. You can print many hundreds of pages at once and have them delivered to your house for less than $100. These steps work as of July 2017 in the USA, but some things may have changed by the time you're reading this.
You may want to store the paper printouts in a fireproof safe to guard against your house burning down. That said, in the event of most house fires, the cloud versions of your data will still exist, so you can just make new printouts. The exception would be if a severe geomagnetic disaster also causes widespread fires; in this (unlikely?) event, a fireproof container would be important.